Commercial Loans 101
A commercial loan refers to an arrangement between business and financial lending institutions such as banks in a bid to finance major expenses in the business budget or to cover majority of the operational costs that the company cannot otherwise afford. The alternative funding to equity and bond markets is commercial loans as they are able to offer financing without the expensive upfront costs and bureaucracies that are required when it comes to equity and bond markets financing. Many businesses go for commercial loans for the purpose of meeting the operational efficiencies the desire to achieve the business goals and therefore commercial loans are mostly acquired with the aim of buying equipment to assist in operations or generally to acquire funding for the operational costs of business. In some cases, commercial loans can be acquired for more basic business needs such as salaries and wages.
Collateral is needed from businesses by financial institutions before they can be able to acquire commercial loans and this may be in terms of property, plant and equipment that the bank is able to auction in the case where the business grants bankrupt and is not able to pay back the loans.
Even though commercial loans are perceived as temporary, many financial institutions are offering a renewed loan period that allows a business to finish paying the loan within the specified time and be able to acquire another loan that is required for ongoing operations of the business. This is particularly advantageous for businesses that need to acquire large seasonal orders from specific customers that require major financing while still being able to provide goods and services for customers.
A business must prove its creditworthiness before it can be able to acquire commercial loans and this is through a series of applying for the loan through recommendations such as balance sheets and other similar documents that are able to prove the financial position of a business to be used as a criterion for which the issuance of commercial loans is used. Commercial loans are expected to be paid back with an interest rate that is determined by the prime lending rate at the time which the loan was issued. Many financial institutions go beyond playing the role of a lender as they will require that the business presents to them a monthly summary of their financial position for them to be able to gauge how the money landed has been used and they also require that the business requires insurance for huge expenses that will arise from the loan to make sure that the business does not fall into bankruptcy. These are necessary precautions to ensure that the business is able to repay the loan as per the established terms.
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